Physical Education and Testing
Kids 3 Slide Outline
Thank you for visiting Kids 3 slides education; I am Jake Monlux, a retired physical therapist serving as a volunteer messenger to promote one hour a day of physical education classes for our children in elementary school.
Slide #1: Children are training to become obese. Fatigue, lack of sleep, and too much stress at home, curriculum demands at school, peer pressure and fear of failure create adverse physiological system responses. Many of our children have poor diet control, excessively text and hang out with children who all are chronically inactive in their environments. In fact, we start conditioning them to become obese in kindergarten: kindergarten children who have less than 10 hours of sleep are three hundred percent more likely to develop obesity; high school children are eighty percent more likely to develop obesity with every hour of lost sleep. We have to ask ourselves if we are teaching health education that addresses these problems. Do we have a society that is educated about what is happening to their children now? The mental health instability and failed physical fitness that is emerging with this generation will cause astronomical increases of chronic diseases, poor quality of life and major health costs. All parents and grandparents want their children to lead long, healthy, productive and happy lives. It’s all about politicians, society and families making proper choices. We need to have our politicians respond to the basic needs of the people. How we are going to proceed to solve this multifaceted health monster among us? See my National Children’s Health Fitness Proposal, and feel free to give your opinions.
Developing Physical Education Programs
Slide #2: A complete physical education program consists of more than just sports and games; physical education promotes social, emotional, physical and academic achievement. We have child developmental specialists who have listed the types of skills, needs of children and levels of elementary school necessary to teach particular skills. However, if there isn’t a program in place then there is no teaching and our children's bodies will not benefit. Over ninety percent of our elementary schools do not give daily physical education. Having one hour of daily physical education could develop all components of fitness such as strength, flexibility, agility, power, balance, endurance, timing, coordination, special development of body position, and kinesthetic sense. Many children have postural and biomechanical insufficiency that if not corrected early, can have a negative effect on skills development and performance for the rest of their lives. Many cannot pass a minimal physical fitness test, or perform the thirty three movement skills possible. Skills development is not only essential for developing an all-around responsive and fit body, but also for the development of the brain.
Most schools that provide physical education only concentrate on games, recreation, sports and minimal aerobic exercise. One teacher does not have enough time to individually analyze motion failure, and additionally teach skills achievement. Most skills don’t develop properly in random games, they need to be taught. Areas of concern are: posture and biomechanics of movement, evaluation of core readiness, the measurement of basic skills achievement, and physical fitness. All skills should be taught by a team of specially educated teachers, and properly measured.
Physical Activity Skills to Develop 1
Slide #3: Most people think of basic skills achievement in elementary school as: running, hopping, skipping, jumping, kicking, throwing, receiving, rolling, climbing, pushing and pulling. I have added proper body mechanics for lifting, carrying and transferring weight. I have had hundreds of patients referred to me to teach proper lifting and work related transfer of weight; this can very easily be taught in a few sessions and practiced periodically before the person has even graduated from high school. One issue is the prevention of skeletal muscle strain to the joints, and back structure as adults. Children who learn these techniques will have a far better chance of not injuring themselves on the job, or doing other activities of daily living and recreation. There are many more skills that are listed on the next slide for your consideration. Bear in mind that there are tests with highly reliable scales to measure skills achievement.
Physical Activity Skills to Develop 2
Slide #4: The skills development listed on this slide have been organized into Locomotor, Non-manipulative and Manipulative, however I would add lifting, transfer skills and work posture to the skills list. The skills tests used are developed with an exponential combination of age, weight, height, and gender. There is an exponential classification of A-H so that one can measure achievement accordingly to their own body type. One may list the score for one skill or combine a number of skills to develop a specific physical fitness test.
These skills are not only valuable for physical activity, recreation, sports and job performance, but they also serve another important function. Skills performance causes complex reactions of neurotransmitters, subcortical relays, cerebellar selectivity, special orientation, floods the brain with chemicals, hormones, oxygen and fuel needed to build and increase cellular metabolism, establishes prefrontal lobe interplay with cortical synaptic exchanges, and appropriate motor response. As a result, the brain is better positioned for academic responses.
Slide #5: Skills can be learned by accident, a child may try to learn a skill by doing it over and over again without help. However, most skills are best taught by a knowledgeable teacher who can help the child accomplish the task quickly and properly. A teacher explains the procedure, and then demonstrates the procedure. The pupil practices the procedure, then teacher comments on the effort. The pupil integrates any corrections offered by the teacher, and then practices the movement again. The process is repeated until the brain, muscle and system reflexes are developed. Successful neuromuscular relays affect successful motions. Good coaching and a fit, responsive body shortens the time needed for skills achievement dramatically.
Creating Early Skills Achievement
Slide #6: Children in kindergarten and the first grade should be part of an educational process that familiarizes them with their own space, what another person’s space is, and how to respect another's space. Children need a variety of fun creative games to establish the social, emotional, intellectual and physical readiness needed to develop peak performance. Neurologically, the grasp of a pencil, or tripod grasp, is one of the most complicated of all learned motions. Forcing a child to perform an activity when they are not socially, emotionally, intellectually or physically ready may instill unneeded response patterns which will have negative influences. Teaching a child to catch a ball may not be the best skills progression in kindergarten if the child is not ready.
Posture, biomechanics (to check unbalanced muscle), social skills, developing fitness, and pre-skills evaluation are more important in kindergarten and first grade. Children’s arms and trunk are long, where their legs are short; but this will reverse itself as the kids grow into puberty. The transition from child to adult will have an impact on the success of girls and boys ability to perform basic exercises like sit ups, sit reaches and two leg straight leg raises
Physical Fitness Components
Slide #7: Dr. David Karprovich, PhD. was one of the early physical fitness research pioneers. He defined the physical fitness components of strength, flexibility, agility, power, balance and endurance.
Below are the common accepted Karpovich components of a physical fitness test with a few examples:
Strength: Maximum muscle contraction moving a joint through a full range of motion minimal times or a single maximum contraction of the muscle without the joint moving. The performance involves one to ten maximum effort repetitions rather than a larger number of additional repetitions.
Power: Involves factors of force, time, and distance. One example is the power needed for the legs to perform a well-timed standing reach or to move a weight such as a shot put.
Flexibility: Is how much the joints can bend to affect success in one's motions. Total flexibility of the body is bending forward and touching the floor or the reverse of arching backward and touching the floor.
Agility: Agility involves coordination, timing, flexibility, strength and in some cases, endurance. Agility can be described as a series of flexibility movements connected to create a movement pattern. Most industrial workers and laborers need agility to place their bodies in a variety of positions.
Balance: There is a great deal of cerebral activity occurring while a person attempts to balance their body. The cerebellum is the not only the balance center, but is also a substation, to sort out and relay position sense. The Cerebellum communicates to the tendons and muscles, sorting out their demands and relaying them to the motor cortex and prefrontal lobes. A fit body is necessary to have even average balance.
Speed: Is how one can get from here to there in the shortest period of time. Speed is also involved in by part function such as the speed a machinist turns a wheel or laborer drives a nail. Speed such as what is required to race the hundred yard dash; strength, power, flexibility, coordination, balanced body musculature and a quick reaction time to reach the goal quickest.
Endurance: Involves repetitive contraction of muscles and joint motions, over longer periods of time,above any other of the fitness components. The conditioned neuron-muscular response, cardio, vascular, and respiratory systems, and balanced muscular strength of the arms, legs and core is needed. Special balance and coordination may also be involved depending on the task.
Coordination/Timing: The sum of the body responses connecting motions to accomplish a task. Coordination is made possible by having the flexibility, strength, endurance and other components of fitness to accomplish a test.
Roods Law: One must go through the motions to develop strength and endurance, or must engage in activity that raises ability and fitness to effect change. If you want to measure agility than you perform and measure an agility activity. If you want a well-rounded skill achievement program, then you provide and test a variety of skills.
Types of Physical Fitness tests
Slide #8: Minimal Physical Fitness: There is a level of physical fitness someone cannot drop below or skeletal, muscle pain and systems failure will occur. I have witnessed this thousands of times with my patients. Raise the level of fitness and the pain evaporates and systems efficiency return. Minimal physical fitness is the strength, flexibility and physical stamina needed to perform activities of daily living.
Kraus–Weber Minimal Fitness Test (K-W Test): There are abdominal and hip flexor strength test tests, an upper back and lower back and leg extension strength test and a total forward flexibility reach of the hands toward the floor. This test is based on five medical strength antigravity movements and a flexibility test. Test items measure stability of the trunk to accommodate to the demands of moving limbs and body activity. One can also use this test to determine the readiness of the trunk, as a pre-skills test, and as a simple physical fitness test.
The Maximum Physical Fitness Test:must include age, weight, height, and gender exponentially to develop a performance classification. This physical fitness test involves skills performance of motor activity classified by A-H. This way, kids perform against other kids for a rating that matches their own body type. The physical fitness test that possesses only an age and gender exponent is not a valid physical fitness test, but a skills requirement, fitness standards, or fitness task test. Substituting body mass index (BMI), for height and weight does not validate the test results; it basically only says if the person of a certain weight can perform a certain number of sit ups.
The Cardiopulmonary Fitness Testor CRF Test: the best test available to evaluate the body's metabolical requirements for daily activities, and for predicting life expectancy. This test can be used as both a minimal or maximum test. However, the test does not measure skills performance. This is a health fitness test that measures oxygen uptake and metabolic burn level. One Mets is needed to sit. An average person will have above a Mets level of seven or greater... Athletes need up to twenty Mets for peak performance. A more complete test will involve taking blood pressure and EKG measurements.
The Sub Max Test: is an individual status test that has been used to determine cardiovascular, respiratory capacity, physical readiness to perform daily activity or athletic performance. A health fitness questionnaire may be given to determine the risk level to the patient or athlete.
The Cardio Stress Test: assesses the status of your hearts ability to perform work. The pulse, pressure and EKG, measures if there is arrhythmia or heart valve failure that needs correction by medication, surgery or change of life style. It is a heart status test, not a maximum physical fitness test. However one could use this test as a maximum test similar to the treadmill VO2 testing if the protocol for such were followed.
The Harvard Step Test: measures the pulse before, during, and after a step sequence to measure efficiency of pulse during work, and after recovery. This test was a cardio fitness test commonly used by military physicians to test if army enlistees were physically fit. It is a status test of the hearts response to activity using the pulse as a marker; it is not a physical fitness test but a health fitness test.
The Astrand Bike Test: predicts VO2 uptake, using blood pressure and pulse while riding a bike. It involves converting work into VO2 uptake, according to performance ratings. This is not a physical fitness skills test but a health-fitness assessment test.
The Physical Capacity to Work: A physician or physical therapist takes a combination of history, medical exams, evaluation of work capacity (some use an extended K-W test), and determines varying job tasks such as lifting, to assess job requirements. The test evaluates if a recovering patient is ready to go back to work. This is not a physical fitness test but a job requirement test.
Athletic Achievement Test: A number of kids get together and perform a standing broad jump to see who achieves the greater distance. The older, more physically advanced kids usually win. An athletic abilities test picks top performance and should not be used as a physical fitness test.
Physical Fitness Test Standards:This skills test involves curl-ups, shuttle runs, reaching V-sits, mile or ¼ mile runs, pull ups and right angle pushups. These test levels represent a fifty percentile based on a 1985 School Population Fitness Survey. The Presidential Physical Fitness Award is based on an age and gender exponent only and disregards weight and height. The test is considered a fitness standards test. It is not a valid physical fitness test. I was called into court years ago to invalidate types of fitness tests and a BMI being used as a physical capacity evaluation for a job qualification.
Fireman/Police Fitness Requirement Fitness Test: These tests list various tasks and skills achievement items, such as carrying a hose or climbing a ladder, in addition to the usual skills such as sit ups, etc. The tasks to be performed are required regardless of age, height, weight and gender. These are not physical fitness tests; they are fitness tasks and standard requirement tests.
Armed Service Physical Fitness Test: These tests can be very demanding, such as the Navy Seals skills and task performance tests. They may list age and gender, but they do not have a physical fitness classification according to body type for performance rating. This is not a physical fitness test, they are service required physical standards and task requirement tests.
Valid Skills Achievement/Valid Physical Fitness Test:Each of the thirty three skill items are their own physical fitness test (Roods Law). Different skills may be grouped, to give a rounded test involving all of Karpovichs’ physical fitness components. An individual skills test, such as a running, will have an exponential A- H classification of children for their own body type based on age, height, weight and gender. I like this test for elementary and junior high school, and I recommend that this style of test should be required to evaluate skills achievement and fitness,in addition to a posture, core , biomechanics test and health fitness tests.
Fat Measurement: Fat is measured by calipers, electrical impedance estimates and submersion under water. Calipers measure several body location pinch thicknesses and are the least expensive of the three. Physicians commonly use BMI as a measurement of longevity and obesity. This is not valid for a longevity test and is only a general indicator of acceptable weight.
The next level for physical fitness testing is to combine a skills abilities test with a Mets test to get a health fitness evaluation. We need to redefine the categories of physical fitness to not only include motor skills fitness, but also Metabolic CRF tests, physician findings, and biomechanic assessments of posture tightness and weakness. Professionals are starting to call this a health fitness test. We need hard data about the skills ability level of a person and their Mets response to effectively assess success for activities of daily living, longevity and health. Physicians can only vaguely give advice based upon blood pressure, pulse and patient comments. The family doctor can certify that a patient is ok, but he must rely on them to report their own activity level. There is a growing need to have human performance offices in every medical center that include METS testing. Insurance companies would be wise to pay for an annual test as a preventative medicine to lower the costs they could incur from the emerging trend of chronic disease.
All physical tests from school such as posture, biomechanical, skills, academic and performance tests should be sent to an online patient medical folder. Then, the teacher, physician and parent would routinely perform follow ups on all of this data, to later provide insight into their health and fitness profile as an adult. This would be the greatest advancement in medicine since vaccination, medicine is dramatically changing.
The tests above are some of the tests available but not all. There is different protocol for the various tests such as the Bruce Protocol for treadmill testing, the McCardles Step Test or the popular YMCA Sub Max Bike Test. A person with a low risk ranking has to follow a protocol considering the risk associated when taking the test. While the less complete test may only measure VO2 and heartbeat, the more complete tests have gas samples; an EKG attached to their body to reports neuromuscular cardio response; a pulmonary ventilation test to measure the lungs capacity for oxygen exchange; a Lactate Threshold test may also be utilized, which measures the effect of fatigued build up after exercise.
The Kraus Weber Test
Slide #9: This is a test example of the Kraus-Weber minimal physical fitness test. When the test was introduced to the white house in l956 most teachers thought this test would be something they were used to. The usual test included a maximum number of sit ups in a minute or the time to run a fifty yard dash. Instead this test involved a few low effort measures of strength and flexibility .
Physicians have used an antigravity test for nearly a hundred years. For example by extending the wrist against gravity (toward the ceiling) through the full range of motion against it is rated a fair; a fair means the part can move against gravity. Now apply some pressure to the top of the hand, moving the wrist again in the same full range of motion; this strength rating is a Good. A good is eighty percent of a normal muscles total power. Now extend the hand against gravity, and while the hand is fully extended apply maximum pressure against it without moving the wrist for several seconds; this is referred to a break test. The test measures the normal strength of the muscle to work against gravity doing minimal strength activities for a limited time. If you tried to group a set of muscles that represent the body’s action against gravity using normal strength break test reaction, test 1 through 5 would be a good choice. People need flexibility for a walk and run stride for every day activity. A tight leg restricts stride, and loose legs allows stride. Tight legs and back limit bending and lifting activates. The elite athlete will strengthen and stretch to balance these muscles to obtain maximum performance possible.
See Kendall and Associates', Muscle Testing, for more information on the way the test is giving strength variations and flexibility for boys and girls not included in this paper. This is one of the best muscle posture and biomechanics analyses of the body ever written. Every professional should have a copy for reference.
I have tested 300 children in a five day period of time with some help from parents. The K-W test takes about 3-5 minutes to give and depends if you do a posture evaluation with it (this was an entire elementary school). Now if I were a physical education teacher, this would take a full day out of my schedule for one week minimum, this is the reason we need a staff of physical education teachers coordinating testing and carrying on normal class at the same time. You need to have a padded table that will not collapse. The table should accommodate the efficient posture needed by the tester, be low enough so the child can get on and off onto a foot stool easy. It is handy to have a protractor goniometer on hand to measure leg lift and a step stool to get onto the table with. Parents should sign slip authoring the test and a parent needs to be at the testing site to assist children getting on and off the testing table. Children should wear swimming suit and shorts so the back can be examined and posture evaluated. Children should be given instructions and the meaning of the test on a visit before the test day. A fail means your body needs some work, and not that you as a person fail. The children come to the testing site and leave by direction of an assistant.
You can very effectively assess posture imbalances before, during and after this test. Several tests can be combined for efficiency of time and to collect a wealth of valuable information about each child. Posture and biomechanics, and core and minimal fitness level could be assessed all at once. The tester notes stoop, slump, scoliosis, short legs, tight muscles beside the hamstrings (pectorals and ilia psoas muscles), calf tightness, waking patterns (toe in, roll out of legs and flat feet), and overhead reach restrictions. A simple ventilation capacity situated at a different testing station can readily measure lung volume during the testing procedures. This test and any additional ones given at the time can yield a lot of information if well organized by several testers, with a student and parent assistant assisting and taking notes for testers.
Slide #10: The BMI is used by physicians and human performance researchers to predict if a person is at a healthy weight. This test had been used for screening procedures by insurance companies to reject coverage involving employment before it was stopped. I was called into court years ago to testify for a person who had failed a company’s fitness test, and had been declined a job promotion. The BMI was used in this context to indicate that he was vastly overweight. I testified that the BMI, physical fitness test and medical exam used were not an indication of his work capability. No one had measured his skills performance ability, determined his valid fitness rating, and measured endurance to perform the tasks of daily living or job task required. The doctor only took a history, had the patient bend and touches the floor, walk a line, take a few reflexes, measured blood pressure, an antigravity strength muscle test and hand grip test. The patient performed all these tests successfully except he had moderately high blood pressure with a slightly irregular heartbeat. A Work Capability Test, later called a Physical Capacity Evaluation for Work Test, is more valid than just using a basic medical exam.
An overweight person who has a high physical fitness is 2-3 times more likely to perform most job requirements and have a higher longevity rating. The BMI test is used to predict obesity or normal weight and sometimes to predict longevity. A more reliable prediction of longevity is a (CRF) cardio respiratory fitness test. So why doesn’t the medical profession use this test? The first rule of medicine is providing only procedures paid for, and the insurance industry feels they are not liable to provide coverage that involves a persons’ preventative medicine status.
The BMI is a quick inexpensive check to see if a person is overweight. Realize that it is only one evaluation that should not be considered as the sole indicator. This test should never be used as a add on to determine physical fitness test results, because the only data given determines if the performer is overweight. It does not indicate how the weight and height affected the actual fitness test performance, because it is not an exponent of the test.
THE PRESIDENTIAL PHYSICAL FITNESS AWARD
Slide #11: This test is an example of the Presidential Physical Fitness Test Standards. A Presidential Physical Fitness Award is given to children who successfully perform at the required level for each event. The only exponents used for this test are age and gender. This is not a valid physical fitness test. A valid physical fitness test includes age, height, weight and gender exponents. The test states that it’s a physical fitness test standards test. If that were the case the award would be a national fitness standard award. We have access to computers, children, computer programmers and testing sites all over America. Don’t you think the test developer can get it right now, and include height and weight to formulate a skills achievement and physical fitness testing where children compete against children of their own body type?
The next few slides demonstrate the proper classification for a valid physical fitness test. All one has to do is also include height and weight to age and gender on the students test form before taking the test. Of course this needs to be factored in by large number of children taking the test in order to erect valid scales. I think we have enough children, able statistician and computer technology to develop test samples. In 1934, Cozen and Neilson tested 79,000 children for a test sample, and their results had a near perfect coefficient of .983. They did not have computers but used long hand.
Achievement Scales-Classification Chart for Boys and Girls
Slide 12: There are sixteen spaces listed at the far left of this slide. The student enters his or her height in nearest inches, age in years and months, and their weight to the nearest pound. Then, adds up the exponent for each column. The sum of the exponents determines what performance class the child is in. If the sum of the component is 11, it would place them in class B. If the sum of the exponent is 26, it would place them in class E. The sum of the exponents over 39 would place the child in Class H. There is performance scales listed for boys and girls by gender. Children perform and have scores according to their own class body type.
Skills Achievement and Physical Fitness Score Example
Slide #13: A boy in the 7th grade in 1934, had test results of a number of physical skills. Each skill is a physical fitness activity by itself, but when skills test are added together gives an overview of his total performance ability or physical fitness rating. He was above average in running, scored a poor for throwing and kicking, had poor upper body strength, lacked leg power, had poor eye hand coordination and poor general body coordination. This gives us a good idea of his strength, endurance, coordination, power and balance, and this boy needs more personal attention to his skills performance and fitness ability to perform. His classification performed is a class D, and his total average score was 60.1, just slightly above average for his class. He is only in the seventh grade and has time (with good instruction) to considerably increase his skills ability and physical fitness level before graduating from High School.
What happens if we do not monitor or correct kids because of a nonexistent physical education elementary school program? Kids Failed Fitness: chronic diseases, poor quality of life, less academic achievement, and lessened longevity are likely to be their fate. Administrators cut recess for more class time, pay the janitor before physical education, omit daily physical education or split physical education into two parts (physical education for half the year, health class for the other half). Tell me; what is your child skills and physical fitness rating age ten, fourteen and seventeen. Would you be content if their test scores were forty five or sixty five percent of normal? Children will have physiological Mets reduction and reduced development for months, proportional to the inactivity for one year. Refer to Roods Law, Law of Function, and Law of Motion. They are basic to understanding that children’s bodies scream to move. We are causing emotional, physical and academic downturns due to this poor judgment.
Skills Fitness Event #16
Slide #14: This is an example of a valid physical fitness test. Each skills test lists the event number, score by percentage, class the child is in from A-H, and the performance results. A boy in class A runs the 60 yard event in 8.2 seconds for a score of ninety seven percent. A boy in class H runs the event in 6.6 seconds for a score of ninety seven percent. They received the same score yet one ran the event 1.6 seconds quicker. Children compete against children in their own body exponent class, not against those in another classification. This is a physical fitness skill test performance for the 60 yard run, but there are over 33 different skills listed. The authors of this test suggest a pentathlon consisting of five events and a Decathlon test that involves a ten item test. The results of each test item can be added and averaged for total physical fitness score.
Special combinations of skills can be given during specific school sports days such as soccer or track. A coach’s dream is to have such information for review if the child turns out after school for a sports event. This basic health-fitness information is to assess the physical status and progress of the child during elementary school, for school files, for reporting progress to parent and for the family doctors’ medical folder. We need to have a skills achievement rating in elementary and junior high school to see who is falling through the cracks and needs help. We do not have such a skill rating system used in our elementary schools now because the majority of schools do not give physical education, and those that do have inappropriate staff to give the tests; yet the physical education scales achievements that I have already mentioned have been published for over 70 years
Physicians Exercise Prescription
Slide #15: This slide contains what a written prescription for exercise might look like. Some other forms are used for specific types of exercise and programs. The basic exercise referral slip should include type of exercise, intensity of the exercise, and duration of the exercise instructions. An area may be listed to write down any adverse systems that occurred during exercise such fatigue, headache, nausea etc. Phase 1 may involve following a specific exercise routine. The basic exercise prescription may list if any testing needs to be performed before the exercise program are to begin, and later to measure progress. Phase 2 might be less self-directed and demand more help, like get instructions and exercise at a health spa. Phase 3 might involve going to a Human Performance Center where physical therapists, exercise physiologists, and physicians provide screening tests and exercise direction, until the person can go to phase 2 or Phase 1. Cardiac specialists and general practice physicians would probably refer the greatest number of patients. However any person seeking a baseline for activity and athletic performance monitoring would be able to seek advice without a medical referral.
Eventually all medical centers in America should have a basic human performance testing site. When peak performance is expected from patients and athletes they are referred to a human performance or physical therapy center where there is a team of specialists trained and able to provide assessments and recommendations for the exercise needed.
Slide #16: This slide lists examples of schools sports, games and performance testing activity options. A number of sports and recreational activities are listed to give you an idea of a total physical education program possible. This list will change to include the recreation activities of the local community, I.e, fishing club cannot be possible in a desert community or a skiing club is not possible if snow isn’t present. Note that physical performance testing is a part of the total program. Some of these activities are included in school, little league, after-school activities, and various sports clubs that have regular outings with help from community volunteers. Many of the activities can be co-educational like dance, track, volley ball, badminton, soccer, fencing, and gymnastics etc.
Special skills award day could recognize the students not only who perform the best but include those that make the most progress in each exponent class during the year. This averages about sixty kids for special awards with a sports day recognition article in the local paper. Hopefully we can also help our children develop bodies that are fit for after-school, and weekends with peer and family in environments they enjoy. Daily physical activity need to become an ongoing part of our children’s life after graduation from high school.
Physical Education Program
Slide #17: This slide shows physical education, sports, and testing and measurements. This list will vary from each elementary school. We need to give elementary school children one hour of daily physical education, with aerobic fitness and conditioning exercise as a part of every class session.
Slide # 18: All parents want to see their children live a long, healthy, productive and happy life. They need our help to develop a healthy brain and body that can go the distance.