Fit / Fat / Longevity
Kids 2 Slide Outline
Thank you for visiting Kids Failed fitness Kids 2 educational slide narration
We are trying to develop a national response that brings the kids failed fitness epidemic to the attention of our national leaders. If you would like to help go to the Facebook and blog and express you’re thought. We are interested in what you have to say or suggest.
Kids Failed Physical Fitness
Slide # 1: Kids Failed Fitness: A large number of our children fail even a minimal physical fitness test. Ninety percent of American elementary schools do not have daily physical education. The average schools that do, give less than five minutes of aerobic activity level a day. Kids failed fitness bodies are developing chronic disease early on in elementary school that will account for over eighty percent of the health budget as adults. Children that have low fitness, whether skinny or overweight, are three to four times more likely to die early as adults than fit children. When physical fitness drops below a given level the results are muscular pain and systems failure. Raise the level of fitness the pain evaporates and system efficiency returns. We need to invest in 52,000 elementary physical education facilities and to give our children the one hour of daily physical education they need. The building project would employ over 5 million workers, bring money into the local economies and benefit our kids for generations to come.
Kid’s 2 Define
Slide # 2: There are three Kids Slide Presentations
Kid's # 1 explains the need to build up bodies, reduce chronic diseases and health costs, and to increase longevity.
Kids # 2: Defines health, obesity, diabetes, and physical fitness.
Kid's 3: Slide presentations define physical education, physical fitness test types, and the physical skills and when to give tests.
Slide #3: This slide defines health as the soundness of eyes, ears, nose, and throat; proper functioning of all the twelve body systems, and as having a physical fitness level sufficient to perform all the tasks of daily living.
Defining Physical Fitness
Slide #4: This slide defines minimal and maximum physical fitness. Minimal physical fitness is the strength, flexibility and stamina to perform tasks of daily living. Maximum physical fitness involves strength, flexibility and stamina to perform tasks of daily living and in addition, a reserve for leisure, community activities, recreation, and family activities. These are simple descriptions taken from required physical fitness and skills testing, which can be frequently misunderstood. We need to give our kids one hour of daily physical education. Then, we need to be able to evaluate preschool and kindergarten posture, body mechanics, and testing progress. There are over 33 skills achievements typically learned during elementary school. We need to monitor how these skills progress, and have a physical fitness test to assure that high levels of health fitness are being developed. We can only do this with a staff of specialized physical educators.
This will involve a massive collegiate education adjustment; we need to offer more physical education teacher training in specific fields. Subjects like kinesiology, body mechanics, posture analysis, anatomy, physiology, pathology, human performance testing, and analysis of skills ability, interpretation of failed motion, special diet issues and concepts of obesity are not commonly understood without specific training. Our medical schools should have several health fitness testing courses to become involved in the preventative medicine process our teachers will be promoting. The family physician and physical education teacher both need training to properly understand, interpret and correspond together, when dealing with the children’s health fitness process.
Health and Physical Fitness
Slide #5: When physical fitness falls below a certain level, it causes skeletal muscular pain and all twelve body systems can start to fail. However raise the level of physical fitness, the pain evaporates and systems regain normal function. This would dramatically reduce health insurance costs, and I have witnessed this with thousands of patients treated in my physical therapy and human performance office for chronic pain, sports injury and post-operative recovery.
Slide #6: The major body systems are: cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, urinary, immune (including lymphatic), integumentary (skin, nails, hair), muscular, nervous, reproductive and respiration. We commonly associate cardiovascular and respiratory failure with heart disease. All systems take a beating when the body has failed fitness. Each system depends on the efficiency of oxygen uptake, nutrition, hormones, other chemicals and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride calcium, etc.) to reach, build and replace cells.
There are 50 lbs. of oxygen in a 180lb person. Oxygen not only helps metabolism, but also scrubs the body of impurities and it is the first line of attack against bacteria, parasites, fungus and viruses. Oxygen is aerobic and bugs are anaerobic (without oxygen). Failed kids fitness sets the stage for inefficient delivery of oxygen, nutrients and other substances needed for cell function. Lower cell function causes a strain on the immune system allowing all diseases to develop.
The uptake and delivery of oxygen to produce metabolic energy, is referred to as Mets. One Mets is the level needed for a person sitting. Three Mets is needed for running. Up to 20 Mets is needed for an athlete, and seven or more is needed for a desired longevity rating.
If a child spends 30 hours a week at an activity level of one to two Mets (sits at school, sleeps, watches TV, walks and seldom runs) then how are they going to develop the body systems required for active daily living as an adult? It’s a simple deduction; they won’t. We need one hour of daily physical education to make sure the oxygen delivery system is functioning at a high level. Children who developed only a resting heartbeat and blood pressure sitting, “doesn’t cut the Mustard,” as my father used to say.
A CRF test will measure Mets level for health fitness and longevity. The medical profession as a whole has been slow to realize the values of this test for assessing activity level that presently not being addressed. This is one preventative medicine measure that needs to be established in every medical center across America.
Fat/Anorexic: Total Health
Slide # 7: If physical fitness is the motor that provides power for the engine; metabolism is the efficiency of the motor to burn and create power; the brain serves as the steering wheel and the gearshift to select the performance levels; idle, high speed and occasionally overdrive. The wheels are the arms and legs that move according to the brain’s direction. The body systems support the cars operation. The slide on the right shows a model that does not have enough fat to be healthy. The level of health drops so low that the muscle and organ cells are cannibalized in the effort to sustain operation without fuel. With anorexia, the car eventually comes to a halt and when there's no power in the motor left, can result in death. The circles on the left have a high metabolism, sound systems function, high fitness and the necessary 10-20% fat reserve. This vehicle is poised to perform efficiently at a high level of operation. A car in idle can't go anywhere achieve acceptable performance if no fuel is present. We desperately need to have bodies that are well fueled and properly serviced to maintain peak performance. Many of our kids are unfit. They are moving in idle or low gear, more apt to develop obesity and chronic diseases as adults, have a poor quality of life, and have shorter life expectancy.
Set Points Levels
Slide # 8: When a child develops a movement pattern that establishes a strong body and metabolism, a peak performance green line set point is achieved. If however, a child has a low set point represented by blue, his systems functions are in a failed mode. The fitness set point of an adult in a red level may fall to a blue set point with chronic inactivity. He or she has a good chance of not only returning to a red set point, but toward a green level without heroic effort. Longevity is dramatically increased with a higher set point even for one Mets improvement. If you never developed a fit body as a kid, developing something you never had is not an option. These children can return from below the blue set point as adults toward the red set point even with moderate exercise, but not far beyond. I would state Rood’s Law, The Law of Function and Motion, and my personal experience to defend my position. Rood’s Law: You develop the component or level of fitness response according to what you do and the level you do it at. Law of Function: Movement stimulates systemic function and systemic function stimulates structure. Law of Movement: An object at rest level stays at rest level until moved by some internal or external force. Law of Opposite and Equal Reaction: The hip flexors move the trunk into the sit up position and the abdominals contract to counter balance, stabilizing the trunk during the motion.
A collateral peripheral circular system for cardiovascular response is very difficult if not impossible to develop as an adult if not properly established as a child. However, it is critical that adults below the blue set point develop a life style of exercise before chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular failure or stroke take a grip on their bodies and cause systems failure or death. Children who developed a body function at the green level and maintain that level throughout their life are destined to have a long healthy productive existence well into their nineties. We desperately need daily physical education in elementary schools to build a sound physical and mental foundation for life’s demands that will occur as an adult.
Changing Set Points
Slide # 9:There is an automatic metabolism set point that all individuals have for daily activity. This set point can be raised by increased activity/exercise or lowered by chronic inactivity. Chart #1 show an old set point increasing to a new set point with workouts between 10-80% toward maximum heart beat, three times a week. The physiological metabolic effect of exercise (burn) lasts for thirty six hours after the workout session. Hence, this is why most doctors use to recommend exercise at least three times a week. The set point increases proportionally to the intensity, type, and duration of exercise.
Now look at chart #2; a daily workout at the same level of exercise burn has an after burn decay for the same thirty six hours. However, before the effects of the previous workout burn can fully decay in thirty six hours, the next workout level intersects the former workout level. The workout level never gets a chance to deteriorate, and stays elevated proportionally to the original workout level. The result is an establishment of a new metabolic set point. The new set point doesn’t decrease unless exercise is reduced or if exercise is totally omitted. Then, the decrease of metabolic activity causes a new set point to adjust in response to chronic inactivity.
This physiological response is one of the arguments for having daily one hour of physical education in all elementary school. I hope everyone is listening.
You can be content with the return on ten to fifteen minutes of exercise one to three times a week. However, your longevity is proportional the time and effort you invest in daily exercise. This is one of the primary reasons for daily physical education in elementary schools. The resting blood pressure or Mets level set point of 1-3 Mets doesn’t develop a fit body that will provide peak performance or last the distance. Kids need daily physical activity that not only includes developing needed skills achievement, fun games, emotional, intellectual and social interplay. They also need juiced up aerobic activities to develop acceptable metabolic set points. They need to develop bodies that are fit while the growth-function response to exercise is greatest. This is not a new concept; every coach who wants to develop high performance in their athletes will start developing player’s skills and fitness early as possible. The body and skills are best developed before the child becomes an adult.
Training to Become Obese
Slide #10: The fat set point is just the reverse of the activity set point that burns energy but instead pulls energy out of the blood stream to be stored as fuel that is not used (fat). Exercise causes a set point for weight loss. The stress reaction contributes to developing a set point for weight gain. A surprising finding is that sleep deprivation and tension cause weight gain, even if one is not eating more calories. The body protects itself by reaching into the blood stream for any energy possible to store as fat for a rainy day. Increased fat storage continues like the activity expenditure set point (but in reverse) for at least thirty six hours after the stress day. For information read Nurture Shock (See bibliography). An elementary school child who does not get ten hours of sleep is 300 times more likely to develop obesity, than a child who gets proper levels of sleep. A high school child is 80% more likely to become obese for every hour of sleep less than eight hours.
Our kids not only need a fit body, but an environment with reduced stress where our children can get adequate sleep and one-hundred percent rest (inactivity). A fat person who diets and loses the appropriate weight, but does not exercise to establish their metabolic set point will be doomed to immediate weight gain again due to a lower set point. This chronic inactivity reaction is compounded by sleep deprivation and the presence of tension. The body responds to chronic inactivity and tension, fatigue, peer pressure, school pressure, family demands, and sleep deprivation, in addition to eating too many calories and not getting enough exercise.
We can’t do much about controlling home life however, we can start by reducing the stress in school, providing counseling for troubled kids and their parents and helping children develop high levels of physical fitness.
Diabetes Type I and II
Slide # 11: The primary differences between diabetes type I and type II is the presence of the hormone insulin, and how it is utilized. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin that escorts glucose into the cell for metabolizing food. Therefore, when the food is broken down, glucose accumulates and the body shuts down without access to fuel. A person with type I diabetes needs shots of insulin and appropriate levels of exercise to function properly to avoid blindness, amputation of feet, peripheral neuropathy, cardiovascular disease or death. The condition is most often genetic and the onset is quick.
All nutrients in the body are taken into the cell with oxygen including glucose and escorted to the cell by its buddy, insulin. Hormones, minerals, vitamins, and chemical electrolytes are needed to build the cell’s protoplasm and eliminate waste. The insulin escorts glucose to the cell where its buddy oxygen is affecting cellular uptake to create energy. Stoking the fire and adjusting the oxygen damper will provide the proper burn. A body with an engine in high gear signals insulin to respond by bringing more glucose to the cell (Insulin Sensitivity). However, when the engine is idle, the oxygen damper burn has been turned down and glucose keeps coming into the system from poor diet choices; this is when bad things happen. The insulin can’t keep up with the additional glucose load with reduced energy demands burning fuel slower. As a result, insulin instructs glucose to park in the abdominal garage and organs. The overloaded storage causes insulin to pack more glucose in the blood stream (Hyperglycemia). The mix of glucose and insulin forms a pinkish goop that blocks the arteries and forms a plaque in the vessels (High blood pressure, stroke, cardiac arrest). Tired insulin instructs stored glucose to come out of storage, but glucose refuses (Insulin Resistance). The overworked pancreas decides to take a rest from producing insulin and pancreatic cells start to shut down (Pancreas Failure). The onset is slow. The causes are chronic inactivity, excessive carbohydrates, and the consumption of 47-63 teaspoons of sugar a day. The treatment is reducing sugar intake, and establishing appropriate medication to restore insulin to appropriate levels. Insulin will cooperate again and escort glucose to the cell to be burned in according to exercise demands. In some cases where the insulin levels cannot fully recover, insulin shots are needed (Type I Diabetes).
Acquired diabetes, type II is preventable. This whole miserable process can be avoided by firing up the stove to metabolize and develop a greater set point through increased activity and restricting both sugar and carbohydrate intake. It’s not about the fat. It only becomes about the fat if the person is so morbidly obese, it prevents them from engaging in physical exercise. A healthy body needs10-30 % fat depending on age, and gender.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Slide # 12: The symptoms for type I diabetes come on very quickly and emergency room care may be needed. The symptoms come on slowly for type II diabetes. In fact, some people may be unaware they are developing diabetes. Advanced type I and II diabetes untreated (particularly type I) is likely to cause serious health problems like blindness, kidney failure, neuropathies and amputations of limbs. The control of diet, high blood pressure, cholesterol, and appropriate exercise is essential. A regular physical evaluation by your local physician is needed to decide not only your diabetes status, but if other systems are affected by the disease and how to address the problem.
We need desperately to have daily physical education in elementary schools to build bodies that minimize or prevent the development of type II diabetes and provide family health education about the how obesity becomes diabetes. Politically, we need to enact laws that restrict amount of fructose from being included in all our food that isn’t a fruit or vegetable. Sugar becomes “the opium of the masses” produced by corn growers, food processing industries, grocery stores and the fast food industry. The average person consumes forty seven to sixty three teaspoons of sugar a day. Sugar kills! Milk has twelve grams of sugar whether it’s whole, two percent or skin milk. Soft drinks can have forty grams of sugar or more. We only need an average of fifteen grams of sugar a day, not 282 grams.
Obesity / Physical Fitness
Slide# 13: Truck #1’s motor runs poor, has not received regular service, has not been regularly tuned and has failed physical fitness. This truck motor does not perform well. The truck picks up a load of fat on the way over the Olympic Mountains in WA State to Joe’s Restaurant. He gets one third of the way up the mountain and has to turn back because of engine failure. This person is experiencing a possible heart attack or a stroke from Type II Diabetes and needs to be seen by the emergency room physician. This person is fifty years old, overweight and has failed physical fitness from chronic inactivity. He will probably die within the next ten years.
Truck #2 is the same year and model as Truck #1. It runs well, has regular tune ups, and picks up the same loads of fat. He has good fitness, but the fat load puts a strain on his motor. He makes it over to Joe’s place, but his engine gauges show engine strain. This person is developing obesity. His truck is starting to develop systems failure, but otherwise provides reliable transportation to work. This truck is overweight, but still has a good chance for long life if he remains active.
Truck #3 is the same year and model truck as the other two, and has excellent physical fitness. He does not pick up any loads of fat on the way to Joe’s place. He stops to view the beautiful rivers and mountains on the way. He makes it to Joe’s place with plenty of time to spare and his truck gets good mileage. The truck has no metabolic systems failure. He has a good longevity rating and could live to be one hundred years old or more.
Truck #4 is the same year and model truck as the others, and has failed physical fitness. The truck is a slender person who does not pick up any fat loads on the way to Joe’s place. His truck starts to stall because of his poor service and maintenance record and chronic inactivity. He is forced back to have the engine serviced. This person who is slender and unfit is 2-3 time more likely to die sooner than the overweight person (Truck # 2) who has good fitness.
If you want to gain anything from these examples, it should be that physically fit people live longer than unfit people whether they are fat or not. It’s not all about the fat; it’s a great deal more physical fitnesslevel, diet, stress, and chronic about the inactivity. We can choose to ask the fat passenger to get out and walk.
Slide # 14: Obesity is not only caused by the calories in and calories burned, but by other factors as well such as sleep deprivation and stress. Calories will be pulled out of the blood stream and stored as fat to protect the child against being denied eight to ten hours of sleep. Children need one hundred percent total inactivity, so parents who allow their children to text into the night do their children a huge disservice.
A person forty pounds overweight has seven miles of capillaries in a pound of fat. That is 280 miles of capillaries beyond what is needed to nourish the body to feed fat cells. One pound of fat also contains approximately 3500 calories. Running or walking one mile burns 100 calories. Imagine a pump the size of doubled up fists (Heart) contracting to deliver blood all that distance not only with sufficient blood pressure but hopefully through clear pipes (Arteries). Tell me what is going to happen if the heart gets too stressed to the work properly (Heart Failure)? What is going to happen if the arteries get plugged (Cholesterol)? What if a child is 60 pounds overweight in elementary school? That is four hundred and eighty miles that small pump has to force blood to the extremities. The child will need to burn 21,000 calories to lose the weight assuming he doesn’t gain weight while trying to lose that weight. What if this child is not physically fit as opposed to being fit? The unfit child will be two to three times more likely to die prematurely than the fit child.
Daily physical education will build bodies that release tension, increase mobility and burn sugar and carbohydrates to develop all areas of the body including the brain and improve academic learning. There is no other subject we can teach in schools that will promote social, emotional, academic and physical development like physical education, yet we cut recess and omit physical education to concentrate on an academic curriculum. With daily physical education, we could improve academic achievement up to thirty percent or more without taking time away from other classes.
Poor Sleep Increases Fat
Slide # 15: It blows the mind to think that one hundred percent inactivity will lower obesity rates. Yet new studies show that there are hormones that increase the process of obesity during sleep deprivation and stress. A hormone that signals hunger is Ghrelin. Ghrelin gets help from cortisol (lysogenic) to beat up on Leptin, a hormone that suppresses appetite. During sleep deprivation and stress, ghrelin and cortisol sit patiently on the blood stream and grab any fuel available and direct the energy go to a storage bin to become fat. Sleep is essential for the burning of fat. No extra calorie intake has to occur. These two guys are not choosey. They scoop up calories whether you over eat or not. Here is an important factor: The slow wave sleep pattern is when the two rascals are mostly at work. Adults spend four percent of the time in a slow wave area. However, children spend forty percent of their sleep in a slow wave area. This means that the child is over ten times as apt to store fat if they miss out on the slow Wave period and continue the process after the slow wave period ends.
The effect of an aerobic exercise lasts for thirty six hours after the involved work out period. The retrieval process of fat during the child’s slow wave period lasts for thirty six hours after the period. I have not seen any studies to say so, but I surmise that this is a reverse set point to offset the effect of a metabolic burn created by aerobic exercise. It boils down to the fact that the body is developing a fight-or-flight mechanism to store fat to use for a rainy day using ghrelin and cortisol as agents. This leaves poor leptin powerless to prevent the transaction. Obviously, we need to increase the source and effect of leptin and reduce the threat that summons ghrelin and cortisol into play (Nurture Shock).
We need to pay more attention to reduce the amount of stress we place on children at school and at home see that children get to bed and have adequate sound sleep and have priorities for use of TV and texting time.
Children are constantly pushing physically on one another; sometimes it seems like they will bounce off the wall. We contain this drive by sitting them in jails (class seats) during school days and packing them in buses that ship them home (to another container). Then, they scream at their parents, who respond by telling them to go to their room. Our children are frustrated. The innate drive for movement stimulates function and function stimulates structure. The body is ready to explode, but is bound with restriction rope. Our children’s bodies are screaming for activity. We need desperately to give all our kids one hour of the only activity they may have in their day to develop bodies, vent outlets, and socialize with other kids. Give daily one hour of physical education, grades will improve and we will have happier kids.
Slide # 16: All parents want to see their children live a long, healthy, productive and happy life. They need our help to develop a healthy brain and body that can go the distance. I’m ready, are you? Then let’s get started.
We all are becoming messengers to get the health fitness our kids need. The cure to treat this Motion Disease is to do something. Our kids are depending on us. Please become involved by donating time, money and/or resources as you can. Our kids will give you a big hug.